geschrift, Schrift (de), Heilige Schrift
Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

γραφή, -ῆς, ἡ (< γράφω), [in LXX chiefly for כְּתָב H3791 ;] 1. a drawing, painting. 2. (a) writing; (b) that which is written, a writing: πᾶσα γ., II Ti 3:16; γ. ἅγιαι, Ro 1:2; προφητικαί, Ro 16:26; al αἱ γ. τ. προφητῶν, Mt 26:56; ἡ γ., αἱ γ., the sacred writings, the Scriptures (i.e. the OT; v. Milligan, NTD, 205); in pl., when the sacred writings as a whole are meant, e.g. Mt 21:42 26:54, Jo 5:39, Ro 15:4; in sing., when a particular passage is referred to, as in Lk 4:21, Jo 19:24, Ro 4:3 9:17 10:11 11:2, osisRef="Jas.2.23"Ja 2:23 (Cremer, 165; DCG, ii, 584).

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

γρᾰφ-ή, ἡ,
  representation by means of lines: hence,
__I drawing, delineation, Herodotus Historicus 4.36 ; κατὰ γραφήν in outline, conjecture in Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 193a ; also of painting, γραφῇ κοσμέειν Herodotus Historicus 3.24; εἰκὼν γραφῇ εἰκασμένη prev. author 2.182 ; the art of drawing or painting, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 277c, “Ti.” 19b.
__I.2 that which is drawn or painted, drawing, picture, ὅσον γραφῇ only in a picture, Herodotus Historicus 2.73; πρέπουσά θ᾽ ὡς ἐν γραφαῖς Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 242 (Lyric poetry) ; σπόγγος ὤλεσεν γραφήν prev. work 1329; μήτε ἄγαλμα μήτε γ. Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1336b15 ; also of embroidery, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 232; γραφαὶ ἀπὸ κερκίδος Philostratus Sophista “Philostrati majoris imagines” 2.5.
__I.3 γ. παρειῶν painting, rouging the cheeks, prev. author “Ep.” 22.
__II writing or the art of writing, Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 274b, etc.: pl., αἱ γ. τῶν δικῶν the registration of.., Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1321b36; γραφαὶ περὶ συμμαχίας, of treaties, prev. work 1280a40.
__II.2 that which is written, writing, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 683, Agatho Tragicus 4 : hence, of various written documents, letter, Thucydides Historicus 1.129 : also in plural, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Taurica” 735 ; ψευδεῖς γ. spurious documents, cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.55 (but in Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 1311 false statements); of published writings, τῶν φιλοσόφων Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.73 W., compare Dionysius Halicarnassensis “de Oratoribus Veteribus” 4 ; ἐν τῇ πρώτῃ γ. in the first book, Epicurus Philosophus “Nat.Herc.” 1431.16 ; written law, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 934c ; contract, PAmh. 2.43.13 (2nd c.BC) : plural, copies of judgements delivered in court, “IG” 12(2).526d8 (from Eresos).
__II.2.b catalogue, list, return, ἱερῶν “PTeb.” 88.2 (2nd c.BC) ; τοῦ κατ᾽ ἄνδρα “OGI” 179.21 (Egypt, 1st c.BC) ; τὰς κατ᾽ ἄνδρα γραφάς “PTeb.” 27.7 (2nd c.BC) , etc.; price-list, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.91.
__II.2.c inscription, Thucydides Historicus 1.134, “IG” 12(5).679 (from Syros), “epigram Gr.” 347 (from Cios), Dio Cassius Historicus 37.21.
__II.2.d MS. reading, 1st cStrabo Geographus 1.2.25, Galenus Medicus 15.430, Alexander Aphrodisiensis Philosophus “in librum de sensu commentarium - pars” 9.29, Hermias Alexandrinus Philosophus “in Platonis Phaedrum scholia” p.154A., etc.
__II.3 the Holy Scripture, Aristeas 155, NT.2Pet.1.20: pl., Philo Judaeus 1.18, Josephus Historicus “contra Apionem” 2.4, NT.Matt.21.42, al.: also in singular, of a particular passage, NT.Act.8.32, al.
__II.4 γ. φαρμάκου medical prescription, Galenus Medicus 12.293, 13.638, 15.918.
__II.5 record-office, archive, Inscriptiones Graecae 11(2).203 B 101 (Delos, 3rd c.BC).
__III (γράφομαι) as law-term,
__III.1 bill of indictment in a public prosecution, λέγε, τὴν γ. αὐτὴν λαβών Demosthenes Orator 18.53.
__III.2 criminal prosecution in the interest of the state compare (2nd c.AD(?): Pollianus Epigrammaticus 8.41), γραφὴν ὕβρεως καὶ δίκην κακηγορίας ἰδίαν φεύξεται prev. author 21.32, compare Lysias Orator 1.44, Isaeus Orator 11.28, etc.; γραφὴν γράφεσθαι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 929e, etc.; γρ. γ. τινά prev. author “Euthphr.” 2b, etc.; γ. ἀπενεγκεῖν Aeschines Orator 3.217; γραφήν τινος διώκειν τινά Demosthenes Orator 19.293; πολλὰς γ. διώξας οὐδεμίαν εἷλεν Antipho Orator 2.1.5; γραφὴν ἁλῶναι prev. author 2.2.9 ; γ. κατασκευάζειν κατά τινος, ἐπί τινα, Demosthenes Orator 21.103, 22.2 ; γ. εἰσέρχεσθαι, εἰσιέναι, appear before the court in a public prosecution, either as prosecutor or prosecuted, prev. author 18.105.
__III.3 generally, an ordinary public action, opposed to to special forms (such as εἰσαγγελία, εὔθυναι, etc.), γραφάς, εὐθύνας, εἰσαγγελίας, πάντα ταῦτ᾽ ἐπαγόντων μοι Demosthenes Orator 18.249, compare Xenophon Historicus “Respublica Atheniensium” 3.2, Lysias Orator 16.12.



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