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Taal: Grieks


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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

δίδωμι, [in LXX chiefly for נתן H5414 (53 words in all) ;] to give—in various senses, acc. to context—bestow, grant, supply, deliver, commit, yield: absol., Ac 20:35; c. acc. rei et dat. pers., Mt 4:9 5:31, Jo 1:12, al. mult.; c. dat. pers., seq. ἐκ, Mt 25:8; id. c. gen. part.. Re 2:17; c. acc. pers., Jo 3:16, Re 20:13, al.; δεξιάς, Ga 2:9; φίλημα, Lk 7:45; γνῶσιν, Lk 1:77; κρίσιν, Jo 5:22; of seed yielding fruit, Mk 4:7, 8; ἐργασίαν (Deiss., LAE, 117f.), Lk 12:58; c. inf. fin., Mt 27:34, Mk 5:43, Lk 8:55, Jo 6:52, al.; c. dat. pers. et inf., Lk 1:74, al.; c. acc. et inf., Ac 2:27, Re 3:9; c. dupl. acc., Mt 20:28, Mk 10:45, Eph 1:22 4:11, II Th 3:9, I Ti 2:6, al.; ἑαυτὸν δ. εἰς (Polyb., al.), Ac 19:31; c. dat. pers., seq. κατά (MM, Exp., xi), Re 2:28 (LXX); δ. ἵνα, Re 3:9; δέδωκα ἐνώπιόν σου θύραν ἀνεῳγμένην, Re 3:8.

SYN.: δωρέομαι.

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

   Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 23.620, etc. (late δίδω “POxy.” 121 (3rd c.AD)) ; late forms, 1st pers. plural διδόαμεν see reading in Josephus Historicus “Bellum Judaicum” 3.8.5, etc., 3sg. pl. δίδωσι (παρα-) prev. author “AJ” 10.4.1, etc. ; but thematic forms are frequently used, especially in Epic dialect and Ionic dialect, διδοῖς, διδοῖσθα, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.164, 19.270 , διδοῖ Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.350, Mimnermus Lyricus 2.16, Herodotus Historicus 2.48, Hippocrates Medicus “Aër.” 12 (ἀνα-), Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 1010, etc., διδοῦσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.265 (always in Homerus Epicus) , uncertain in Attic dialect, Antiphanes Comicus 156; imper. δίδου Theognis Elegiacus 1303, Herodotus Historicus 3.140, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 642, δίδοι Pindarus Lyricus “O.” 1.85, epigram in “Class.Phil.” 4.78 , Epic dialect δίδωθι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.380 ; infinitive διδόναι, also διδοῦν Theognis Elegiacus 1329 , Epic dialect διδοῦναι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.425 , Aeolic dialect δίδων Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 29.9 ; participle διδούς, Aeolic dialect δίδοις Alcaeus Lyricus “Supp.” 23.13: imperfect ἐδίδουν -ους -ου, Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 678, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.367, 11.289 (Epic dialect δίδου Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.165), etc. ; 3rd.pers. plural ἐδίδοσαν Herodotus Historicus 8.9, etc., ἐδίδουν (variant{ἐδίδων}) Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 139, Dionysius Halicarnassensis 5.6 codices (ἀπ-), also ἔδιδον probably in “hymnus ad Cererem” 437, δίδον prev. work 328 ; Epic dialect iterative δόσκον Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.382 : future δώσω 14.268, etc. , Epic dialect διδώσω Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 13.358, 24.314 ; infinitive δωσέμεναι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.369: aorist 1 ἔδωκα, used only in indicative, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.361, etc. , Epic dialect δῶκα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 4.43: aorist 2 ἔδων, used in plural indicative ἔδομεν ἔδοτε ἔδοσαν (Laconian dialect ἔδον “IG” 5(1).1 B 1) , and in moods, δός, δῶ, δοίην, δοῦναι, δού; Epic dialect forms of aorist, subjunctive 3rd.pers. singular δώῃ, δώῃσι, δῷσι, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.725, 1.324, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.144 ; 3rd.pers. singular δώη, Boeotian dialect δώει “SIG” 2858.17 (Delph.), “IG” 7.3054 (Lebad.), δοῖ “PPetr.” 2. p.24 ; 1st pers. plural δώομεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.299, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 16.184 , 3rd.pers. plural δώωσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.137 ; 3rd.pers. singular optative is written δόη “UPZ” 1.4, δοῖ “IG” 14.1488, etc. ; infinitive δόμεναι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.116, δόμεν 4.379 (also Doric dialect, Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 1163 (ἀπο-), δόμειν “SIG” 942 (from Dodona)); Cypria infinitive δοϝέναι “Inscription Cyprian dialect” 135.5H. (also opt. δυϝάνοι prev. work 6); 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus participle ἀπυ-δόας “IG” 5(2).6.13 (from Tegea) ; infinitive δῶναι “Schwyzer” 666.2 (Orchom., 3rd c.BC) , also in later Greek, “BGU” 38.13 (2nd c.AD) : perfect δέδωκα Pindarus Lyricus “N.” 2.8, etc. ; Boeotian dialect 3rd.pers. plural ἀπο-δεδόανθι “IG” 7.3171.35 (Orchom.) : pluperfect ἐδεδώκει Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.4.26 :—middle only in compounds:— passive, future δοθήσομαι Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 1650, Isaeus Orator 3.39, etc. : aorist ἐδόθην Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.78, etc. : perfect δέδομαι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.428, Aeschylus Tragicus “Supplices” 1041, Thucydides Historicus 1.26, etc. ; 3rd.pers. plural δέδονται Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 757 : pluperfect ἐδέδοτο Thucydides Historicus 3.109 :—give freely, τινί τι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.274, etc. : in present and imperfect, to be ready to give, offer, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.519, Herodotus Historicus 5.94, 9.109, Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 100, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.3.9, etc.; τὰ διδόμενα things offered, Demosthenes Orator 18.119.
__2 of the gods, grant, assign, κῦδος, νίκην, etc., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 19.204, 11.397 , etc.; of evils, δ. ἄλγεα, ἄτας, κήδεα, etc., 1.96, 19.270, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.15, etc.; twice in Homerus Epicus in passive, οὔ τοι δέδοται πολεμήϊα ἔργα not to thee have deeds of war been granted, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.428, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 2.78 ; later εὖ διδόναι τινί give good fortune, provide well for.., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1081, “OC” 642, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 750 : absolutely, of the laws, grant permission, δόντων αὐτῷ τῶν νόμων Isaeus Orator 7.2, compare Plato Philosophus “Leges” 813c.
__3 offer to the gods, ἑκατόμβας, ἱρὰ θεοῖσιν, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.6, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.67, etc.
__4 with infinitive added, ξεῖνος γάρ οἱ ἔδωκεν.. ἐς πόλεμον φορέειν gave it him to wear in war, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 15.532, compare 23.183; δῶκε τεύχεα θεράποντι φορῆναι 7.149 : later frequently of giving to eat or drink, ἐκ χειρὸς διδοῖ πιεῖν Herodotus Historicus 4.172, compare Cratinus Comicus 124, Pherecrates Comicus 69, etc.; ἐδίδου ῥοφεῖν Aristophanes Comicus “Fragmenta” 203; δίδου μασᾶσθαι Eupolis Comicus 253; δὸς καταφαγεῖν Hegemon Comicus et Parodus 1; τὴν κύλικα δὸς ἐμπιεῖν Pherecrates Comicus 41; δὸς τὴν μεγάλην σπάσαι Diphilus Comicus 17.7 ; with infinitive omitted, φιάλην ἔδωκε κεράσας Ephippus Comicus 10; εὐζωρότερον δός Diphilus Comicus 58 ; also of giving water to wash with, δίδου κατὰ χειρός (i.e. νίψασθαι) Archedicus Comicus 2.3, compare Alexander Rhetor 261.2.
__5 Prose phrases, δ. ὅρκον, opposed to λαμβάνειν, tender an oath, δοκεῖ κἂν ὀμόσαι εἴ τις αὐτῷ ὅρκον διδοίη Isaeus Orator 9.24, compare Demosthenes Orator 39.3, Aristoteles Philosophus “Rhetorica” 1377a8 ; δ. ψῆφον, γνώμην, put a proposal to the vote, propose a resolution, Demosthenes Orator 21.87, 24.13: δ. χάριν, ={χαρίζεσθαι}, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1354, Cratinus Comicus 317 ; ὀργῇ χάριν δούς having indulged.., Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 855 ; λόγον τινὶ δ. give one leave to speak, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 5.2.20; δ. λόγον σφίσι deliberate, Herodotus Historicus 1.97; οὐκ, εἰ διδοίης.. σαυτῷ λόγον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 583 ; δοῦναι, λαβεῖν λόγον, Aristoteles Philosophus “Sophistici Elenchi” 165a27 (but δ. λόγον, εὐθύνας, render accounts, “IG” 12.91, al.): δ. δίκην or δίκας, see at {δίκη}: ἀκοὴν δ. λόγοις lend an ear to.., Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 30, etc. ; δ. ἐργασίαν give diligence, = Latin dare operam, “OGI” 441.109 (Lagina, 1st c.BC), “POxy.” 742.11 : with infinitive, NT.Luke.12.58: abs., i.e. πληγήν, λίθῳ δ. τινί “PLips.” 13 iii 3 ; ἐμβολὰς διδόναι, ram, of ships, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 13.10.
__II with accusative person, hand over, deliver up, ἀχέεσσί με δώσεις Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.167; μιν.. ὀδύνῃσιν ἔδωκεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.397; Ἕκτορα κυσίν 23.21; πυρί τινα Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.65; πληγαῖς τινά Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 574c; ἔδωκε θῆρας φόβῳ Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.60.
__II.2 of parents, give their daughter to wife, θυγατέρα ἀνδρί Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.192, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.7 ; also of Telemachus, ἀνέρι μητέρα δώσω 2.223 ; τὴν.. Σάμηνδε ἔδοσαν gave her in marriage to go to Samé, 15.367, compare 17.442 ; with infinitive added, δώσω σοι Χαρίτων μίαν ὀπυιέμεναι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.268: in Prose and Trag., θυγατέρα δ. τινὶ γυναῖκα Herodotus Historicus 1.107, compare Thucydides Historicus 6.59, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 4.1.4, etc.: abs., ἐδίδοσαν καὶ ἤγοντο ἐξ ἀλλήλων Herodotus Historicus 5.92.β,compare Euripides Tragicus “Medea” 288; also δ. κόρᾳ ἄνδρα Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 9.117.
__II.3 διδόναι τινά τινι grant another to one's entreaties, pardon him at one's request, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 6.6.31 ; διδόναι τινί τι forgive one a thing, condone it, Euripides Tragicus “Cyclops” 296 (assuming variant).
__II.4 δ. ἑαυτόν τινι give oneself up, δ. σφέας αὐτοὺς τοῖσι Ἀθηναίοισι Herodotus Historicus 6.108, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 84, Thucydides Historicus 2.68; τινὶ εἰς χεῖρας Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1348; δ. ἑαυτὸν τοῖς δεινοῖς Demosthenes Orator 18.97; εἰς τοὺς κινδύνους Polybius Historicus 3.17.8; εἰς ἔντευξιν prev. author 3.15.4 ; εἰς τρυφήν, εἰς λῃστείας, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 17.108, 18.47 : with infinitive, δίδωσ᾽ ἑκὼν κτείνειν ἑαυτόν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1341.
__II.5 appoint, establish, of a priest, LXX.Exo.31.6 ; δῶμεν ἀρχηγόν LXX.Num.14.4 ; δ. τινὰ εἰς ἔθνος μέγα LXX.Gen.17.20 ; place, τινὰ ὑπεράνω πάντα τὰ ἔθνη LXX.Deu.28.1:—passive, οἱ δεδομένοι, = Nethinim, ministers of the Temple, LXX.Neh.5.3 ; ἐδόθη αὐτοῖς ἵνα.. orders were given them that.., NT.Rev.9.5.
__III in vows and prayers, with accusative person et infinitive, grant, allow, bring about that.., especially in prayers, δὸς ἀποφθίμενον δῦναι δόμον Ἄϊδος εἴσω grant that he may go.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.322; τὸν κασίγνητον δότε τυίδ᾽ ἴκεσθαι Sappho Lyrica “Papyrus fragments” in E. Diehl, 1.2 ; δός με τείσασθαι give me to.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 18, compare “Eu.” 31; also with dat. pers., τούτῳ.. εὐτυχεῖν δοῖεν θεοί prev. author “Th.” 422; θεοὶ δοῖέν ποτ᾽ αὐτοῖς.. παθεῖν Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 316, compare “OC” 1101, 1287, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 737b.
__III.2 grant, concede in argument, δ. καὶ συγχωρεῖν prev. author “Phd.” 100b, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 990a12, al. : with infinitive, prev. author “Ph.” 239b29; δ. εἶναι θεούς Iamblichus Philosophus “de Mysteriis” 1.3; ἑνὸς ἀτόπου δοθέντος τἆλλα συμβαίνει Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 186a9 ; δεδομένα, τά, data, title of work by Euclid; ἡ δοθεῖσα γραμμή, γωνία, etc., Plato Philosophus “Meno” 87a, Euclides Geometra 1.9, etc.; δεδόσθω κύκλος Archimedes Geometra “περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου” 1.6, al. ; also in Alchemy, δός take certain substances, “Pleid.X.” 69.
__IV Grammars, describe, record, Scholia Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 5.93, Scholia Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 16.207.
__V seemingly intransitive, give oneself up, devote oneself, with dative, especially ἡδονῇ Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 21, Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus “Publicola” 13; ἡδοναῖς Philostratus Sophista “Vitae Sophistarum” 1.12; ἐλπίδι Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 17.12.2; εἰς δημοκοπίαν Diodorus Siculus Historicus 25.8; δρόμῳ δοὺς φέρεσθαι at full speed, Alciphro Epistolographus 3.47.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ἀναδίδωμι G325 "voortbrengen, inleveren, teruggeven"; Grieks ἀποδίδωμι G591 "afgeven"; Grieks διαδίδωμι G1239 "verdelen, overgeven, overhandigen"; Grieks δόμα G1390 "gift, gave, bruidsschat"; Grieks δόσις G1394 "geven (het), gave"; Grieks δότης G1395 "gever"; Grieks ἐκδίδωμι G1554 "verhuren, verpachten, uitleveren"; Grieks ἔκδοτος G1560 "verraden, uitgeleverd"; Grieks ἐπιδίδωμι G1929 "overhandigen, overgeven"; Grieks κατακληροδοτέω G2624 "erfenis verdelen"; Grieks μεταδίδωμι G3330 "meegeven, meedelen"; Grieks παραδίδωμι G3860 "in handen geven"; Grieks προδίδωμι G4272 "verraden";



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