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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἐπ-αινέω, -ῶ [in LXX for הָלַל H1984 pi., שָׁבַח H7623 pi. ;] to praise: c. acc, Ro 15:11, I Co 11:22; seq. ὅτι, Lk 16:8, I Co 11:2; absol., seq. ὅτι, I Co 11:17.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

  Aeolic dialect ἐπαίνημι Simonides Lyricus 5.19 ; Laconian dialect ἐπαινίω Aristophanes Comicus “Lysistrata” 198: imperfect ἐπῄνεον Il 3.461 (tmesis) : future -έσω 7th-6th c.BC(?): Semonides Iambographus 7.29, Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1057, Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 465 (Lyric poetry), “Heracl.” 300, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 214e (uncertain reading), Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 1.4.16, 5.5.8 : but more frequently -έσομαι Euripides Tragicus “Bacchae” 1195 (Lyric poetry), Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 199a, “R.” 379e, 383a, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 3.2.6, Demosthenes Orator 2.31, etc.; poetry -ήσω Theognis Elegiacus 93 codices, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 10.69 : aorist 1 ἐπῄνεσα Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 536, Thucydides Historicus 1.86, etc. (see. below); poetry (not Trag.) ἐπῄνησα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 2.335, 18.312, Theognis Elegiacus 876, Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.168, 189 : also Aeolic dialect prose, “Schwyzer” 622.21, 623.31, 636.17 (but -έσαι 623.34) : perfect ἐπῄνεκα Isocrates Orator 12.207,261, Plato Philosophus “Politicus” 307a, etc. :—middle, aorist ἐπῃνησάμην Themistius Sophista “Orationes” 16.200c ; -εσάμην Phalaris Epistolographus “Epistulae - Epistolographi” 147 :—passive, future ἐπαινεθήσομαι Andocides Orator 2.13, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 474d; later ἐπαινηθήσομαι 3rd c.AD(?): Longus Scriptor Eroticus 4.4 codices: aorist ἐπῃνέθην Thucydides Historicus 2.25, Isocrates Orator 12.146, etc.; but ἐπῃνήθην “SIG” 708.20 (Istropolis, 2nd c.BC) : perfect ἐπῄνημαι Hippocrates Medicus “περὶ διαίτης ὀξέων” 51, Isocrates Orator 12.233: ={αἰνέω} (for which it is regularly used in Attic.) :—approve, applaud, commend, in Homerus Epicus mostly abs., ἐπὶ δ᾽ ᾔνεον ἄλλοι Ἀχαιοί Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.461, etc.: with acc. rei, μῦθον ἐπαινήσαντες Ὀδυσσῆος 2.335; μῦθον ἐ. πρεσβυτέροισι “hymnus ad Mercurium” 457; σύνθεσιν Pindarus Lyricus “P.” 4.168 : with dative person, agree with, side with, Ἕκτορι μὲν γὰρ ἐπῄνησαν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.312 : absolutely, assent, agree, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 1616 ; ἐπαινεσάντων δ᾽ αὐτῶν on their assent, Thucydides Historicus 4.65.
__2 praise, commend in any way (the usually sense in Attic dialect and Trag.), τινά or τι, Alcaeus Lyricus 37 A, Herodotus Historicus 3.34, 6.130; τὸ λίαν ἧσσον ἐ. τοῦ μηδὲν ἄγαν Euripides Tragicus “Hippolytus” 264 ; ἐ. τινά τι commend one for a thing, but in this case the thing is always a neuter pronoun or adjective, τὰ μέν σ᾽ ἐπαινῶ Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 342 (compare 111); πάντ᾽ ἔχω σ᾽ ἐπαινέσαι Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1381, compare Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 222a; in Dinarchus Orator 3.22 ἐπαινεῖσθαι ταῖς ζητήσεσιν, ἐπί should be read; ἐπί τινι.. καὶ διότι “Inscription Prien.” 44.17 (2nd c.BC) ; εἴς τι Plato Philosophus Alcaeus1.111a; κατά τι Diodorus Siculus Historicus 1.37; πρός τι Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 145b; also ἐ. τινά τινος Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.1c, Lucianus Sophista “Herm.” 42 (but ἐ. τί τινος praise something in some one, Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 361d): c.acc. cogn., ἔπαινον ἐ. prev. author “La.” 181b : with participle, ἐπαινέσεσθαί τινα ἀνασχόμενον Demosthenes Orator 21.73; ἐ. τινὰ ὅτι.. Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 471d ; ἐ. τινὰ πρός τινα praise one man to another, prev. author “R.” 501c ; especially compliment publicly, Βρασίδας πρῶτος τῶν κατὰ τὸν πόλεμον ἐπῃνέθη ἐν Σπάρτῃ Thucydides Historicus 2.25 ; frequently in honorary Inscrr., compare “IG” 22.102, “Inscription Prien.” same place, etc.: with dat. pers., τῷ δήμῳ τῷ Σαμίων “IG” 12.101.2, compare “SIG” 604.11 (Delph., 2nd c.BC).
__3 of things, πολιτεία ὑπὸ πάντων -ουμένη Isocrates Orator 12.118, compare Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1289a1; νόμοι -ούμενοι prev. author “Rh.” 1375b24 ; approve, πόλις ἄλλως ἄλλοτ᾽ ἐ. τὰ δίκαια Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 1077.
__4 agree to or undertake to do, ῥώμην μ᾽ ἐπαινῶ λαμβάνειν Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 553; ἐ. εἰς τὸ λοιπόν “PTeb.” 8.18 (3rd c.BC).
__5 aorist ἐπῄνεσα in Attic dialect in present sense, ἐπῄνεσ᾽ ἔργον I commend it, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 536 : absolutely, well done! prev. author “fragment” 282, Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 485, compare Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 1095, “Med.” 707.
__II ={παραινέω}, recommend, advise, τοιούσδ᾽ ἐπαινεῖς δῆτα δὺ κτᾶσθαι φίλου; Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 1360, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Septem contra Thebas” 596, “Supp.” 996 : with dative et infinitive, ὑμῖν δ᾽ ἐπαινῶ γλῶσσαν εὔφημον φέρειν prev. author “Ch.” 581 ; σιγᾶν ἐπῄνεσ᾽ (compare 1.5) Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1322, compare “OC” 665.
__III as a civil form of declining an offer or invitation, I thank you, I am much obliged, κάλλιστ᾽, ἐπαινῶ Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 508 (ubi see Scholia), compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Prometheus Vinctus” 342 ; so ἐ. τὴν κλῆσιν decline it, Xenophon Historicus “Symposium” 1.7, compare “An.” 7.7.52.
__IV of Rhapsodists, recite, declaim publicly, Plato Philosophus “Ion” 536d, 541e.


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