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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

οἷος, -α, -ον, relat. pron., qualitative (related to ὅς as qualis to qui), what sort or manner of, such as, in NT usually without its correl. τοιοῦτος: Mt 24:21, Mk 9:3, II Co 12:20, I Th 1:5, II Ti 3:11, Re 16:18; seq. τοιοῦτος, I Co 15:48, II Co 10:11; id. redundant, Mk 13:19; τ. αὐτὸν . . . σἷον, Phl 1:30; οὐχ οἷον δὲ ὅτι, elliptically, but it is not as though (RV), Ro 9:6.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

οἷος, οἵα,
  Ionic dialect οἵη, οἷον, (ὅς) such as, of what sort, relative and indirect interrogative pronoun, correlative to direct interrogative ποῖος, indefinite ποιός, demonstrative τοῖος: ὅσσος ἔην οἷός τε Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.630; ὁσσάτιόν τε καὶ οἷον 5.758: with acc., οἶδ᾽ ἀρετὴν οἷός ἐσσι what a man for valour, 13.275: frequently to be rendered by an adverb, οἷος πόλεμόνδε μέτεισι as he rushes into war, prev. work 298, etc.: —Usage:
__I οἷος in an independent sentence as an exclamation of astonishment, ὢ πόποι.., οἷον ἔειπες Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.455 ; οἷ. τὸ πῦρ what a fire is this ! Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1256, compare “Pers.” 733, al.; οἷ. εἰργάσασθε Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 450a; οἷ. ἄνδρα λέγεις ἐν κινδύνῳ εἶναι prev. author “Tht.” 142b; οἷα ποιεῖς prev. author “Euthphr.” 15e, etc.: so in neut. as adverb, see below see 1.
__I.2 in indirect sentences, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 624, 1402, 1488, etc.; ὁρᾶτε δὴ ἐν οἵῳ ἐστέ Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 3.2.12; ὁρῶν ἐν οἵοις ἐσμέν prev. author “An.” 3.1.15.
__II more frequently as relative to a demonstrative τοῖος, τοιόσδε, τοιοῦτος, or to ὁ, ὅδε, as τῷ ἴκελον, οἷόν ποτε Δαίδαλος ἤσκησεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.591; θέαμα τοιοῦτον οἷ. καὶ στυγοῦντ᾽ ἐποικτίσαι Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1296 : but the demonstrative pronoun is frequently omitted, οὐ γὰρ ἐμὴ ἲς ἔσθ᾽ οἵη πάρος ἔσκεν Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.669, etc. ; οἷ. καὶ Πάρις.. ᾔσχυνε like as Paris also.., Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 399 (Lyric poetry), compare “Pers.” 21, al.: with δή added, τοιόνδ᾽, οἷ. δὴ σύ such as you surely are, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 24.376, see below see 2 : with περ added, οἵη περ φύλλων γενεή, τοίη δὲ καὶ ἀνδρῶν just such as.., 6.146, compare Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 607, 1046, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 1.6.19 : very frequently with τε added (this οἷός τε must be distinguished from οἷός τε with infinitive, see below 111.2), οἷός τε πελώριος ἔρχεται Ἄρης Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.208, compare 17.157, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.106, etc.; οἷός που 20.35: οἷός τις, οἷόν τι generalizes a Comparison, the sort of person who.., thing which.., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.638, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.348 ; οἶσθα εἰς οἷόν τινα κίνδυνον ἔρχει..; Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 313a ; with attraction of οἷος to the case of its antecedent (which may follow instead of preceding), οἵοις περ σὺ χρώμενοι συμβούλοις Demosthenes Orator 24.185 ; and with further attraction of the subject of the relative clause, οὐ γάρ πω τοίους ἴδον ἀνέρας.., οἷον Πειρίθοον (for οἷος Πειρίθοος) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.263; πρὸς ἄνδρας τολμηρούς, οἵους καὶ Ἀθηναίους Thucydides Historicus 7.21, compare Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 2.9.3; περὶ τοῦ τοιούτου.., οἵου τοῦ ἑνός Plato Philosophus “Parmenides” 161b.
__II.2 οἷος, οἵα, οἷον frequently introduce an 'indirect exclamation', giving the reason for what precedes, ἄνακτα χόλος λάβεν, οἷον ἄκουσε because of what he heard, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 6.166, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.479 ; ἐμακάριζον τὴν μητέρα οἵων τέκνων ἐκύρησε Herodotus Historicus 1.31; ἀγανάκτησιν ἔχει ὑφ᾽ οἵων κακοπαθεῖ Thucydides Historicus 2.41; τὴν ἐμαυτοῦ τύχην ἀπέκλαον, οἵου ἀνδρὸς.. ἐστερημένος εἴην Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 117c, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 701.
__II.3 sometimes in Homerus Epicus οἷος introduces the reason for saying what is said, ὠκύμορος.. ἔσσεαι, οἷ᾽ ἀγορεύεις Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 18.95, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.611; αἲ γάρ με θυμὸς ἀνείη ὤμ᾽ ἀποταμνόμενον κρέα ἔδμεναι, οἷα ἔοργας Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 22.347.
__II.4 οἷα δὴ εἴπας saying so and so, Herodotus Historicus 1.86 (compare ὅσος 111.2): later with other Particles, see infr. VI.
__II.5 οὐδὲν οἷον.. there's nothing like.., ἀλλ᾽ οὐδὲν οἷ. ἐστ᾽ ἀκοῦσαι τῶν ἐπῶν there's nothing like hearing the verses, Aristophanes Comicus “Aves” 966, compare “Lys.” 135; οὐδὲν γὰρ οἷ. ἀκούειν αὐτοῦ τοῦ νόμου Demosthenes Orator 21.46, compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 447c, 481b, Xenophon Historicus “Oeconomicus” 3.14.
__II.6 never used like adverb οἷον (infr. V. I) with an adjective = how, for in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 11.653, οἶσθα.. οἷ. ἐκεῖνος δεινὸς ἀνήρ = what manner of man, namely dread, compare 15.94, 21.108, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 19.493, etc.
__II.7 as indefinite, a sort or kind of.., ὁ δ᾽ ἕτερος οἷός ἐστιν οἰκουρὸς μόνον only a kind of watch-dog, Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 970 ; so with adjective, ἀφόρητος οἷος.. κρυμός of an intolerable kind, Herodotus Historicus 4.28 ; θαυμαστὸς οἷος of a wonderful nature, Lucianus Sophista “Zeux.” 6 ; οἷος ἔμπειρος πολέμου rather skilled in war, Demosthenes Orator 2.18 ; οἷον τετανότριχα rather straight-haired, Plato Philosophus “Euthyphro” 2b ; frequently with superlative, χωρίον οἷον χαλεπώτατον country of a very difficult kind, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.8.2, compare Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 978, “Ach.” 384, Plato Philosophus “Apologia” 23a; ἀνὴρ οἷος κράτιστος Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1165b27; κόλπος οἷος βαθύτατος Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 14.26: in some of these passages with Sup. it is possible to take οἷος as relat., supplying δυνατόν,compare ξύμμαχος ἔσομαι οἷος ἂν δύνωμαι ἄριστος “IG” 12.39.28.
__III οἷος with infinitive implies fitness or ability for a thing, οὐ γὰρ ἦν ὥρα οἵα τὸ πεδίον ἄρδειν fit for watering, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.3.13, compare Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 487d ; οἷοι φιλεῖν, μισεῖν, etc., Demosthenes Orator 25.2, etc.: frequently with τοιοῦτος expressed, τοιοῦτός τις οἷ. διαπονεῖσθαι Plato Philosophus “Cratylus” 395a, compare “R.” 415e ; τὸ πρᾶγμα μέγα.. καὶ μὴ οἷ. νεωτέρῳ βουλεύσασθαι not proper for a young man to advise upon, Thucydides Historicus 6.12 : without infinitive, λόγους οἵους εἰς τὰ δικαστήρια Plato Philosophus “Euthydemus” 272a.
__III.b οἷός εἰμι I intend, ἐβιάζετο.. καὶ οἷος ἦν ἐξευρεῖν τὴν θύραν Lysias Orator “Fragmenta” 159 Sophocles Tragicus, compare Demosthenes Orator 4.9, al., Isaeus Orator 8.21 ; οἷος ἦν κατεσθίειν was on the point of eating, Antigonus Carystius Paradoxographus Car. cited in Athenaeus Epigrammaticus 7.345d.
__III.2 more frequently οἷός τε with infinitive, fit or able to do, λιποίμην οἷός τ᾽.. ἀέθλια κάλ᾽ ἀνελέσθαι Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 21.117 (preceded by τοῖον prev. work 173), Herodotus Historicus 1.29, 67, 91; λέγειν οἷός τε κἀγώ Aristophanes Comicus “Equites” 343, compare Thucydides Historicus 3.16, Isocrates Orator 8.69, etc. ; inclined to.., Polybius Historicus 3.90.5, Josephus Historicus “Antiquitates Judaicae” 4.6.3: most frequently in neut. sg. and pl., οἷόν τε ἐστί it is possible to.., Thucydides Historicus 1.80, etc.; οἷά τε ἐστί Herodotus Historicus 1.194, etc.; a dat. is sometimes added, μὴ οἷόν τε εἶναι ἐμοὶ κωλῦσαι Thucydides Historicus 7.14.
__III.3 without infinitive, πάνυ προθύμως ὡς οἷός τ᾽ ἦν ἐπήραξεν Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 314d: but mostly in neut., οἷόν τε ἐστίν it is possible, Isocrates Orator 9.9; οὐχ οἷόν τε ἐστίν Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 198, etc. : with superlative, καλὸν ὡς οἷόν τε μάλιστα Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 349e; ὡς οἷόν τε σμικρότατα prev. author “Prm.” 144b; ὡς οἷόν τε διὰ βραχυτάτων prev. author “Grg.” 449d : without superlative, φρίττειν.. ποιεῖ ὡς οἷόν τε πάντας prev. author “R.” 387c (uncertain reading) ; ὡς οἷόν τε sometimes so far as possible, of what cannot be done completely, Demosthenes Orator 8.75, Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1313a39, Lucianus Sophista “Im.” 3.
__IV sometimes twice in the same clause, οἷ᾽ ἔργα δράσας οἷα λαγχάνει κακά after what deeds what sufferings are his ! Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 751 ; ἱερῶν οἵαν οἵων χάριν ἠνύσω what thanks for what offerings ! prev. author “Tr.” 994, compare 1045, Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 144: so in Prose, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 4.5.29, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 195a.
__V as adverb in neuter singular οἷον, in Poets and Ionic dialect Prose also plural οἷα, how, οἷον δή νυ θεοὺς βροτοὶ αἰτιόωνται Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.32, compare Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.601, 13.633, 15.287: also with _adjectives_, οἷον ἐερσήεις how fresh, 24.419 ; οἷον δὴ Μενέλαον ὑπέτρεσας seeing how thou didst shrink from M., Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 17.587, compare 21.57. (Regul. _adverb_ οἵως is rare, as in Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 6.7.2, f.l. in Aristophanes Comicus “Vespae” 1363 ; οἷος ὢν οἵ. ἔχεις in what a state art thou for such a man! Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 923; οἵως τέ σφ᾽ ἐσάωσα Apollonius Rhodius Epicus 4.786.)
__V.2 as, just as, οἷον ὅτε.. Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 14.295: also neut. pl. οἷα, οἷά τις.. ἀηδών Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1142 (Lyric poetry), compare Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 105 (Lyric poetry), etc.: so οἷά τε in Homerus Epicus, οἷά τε ληϊστῆρες Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.73, compare 9.128, Herodotus Historicus 2.175: strengthened by Particles, οἷα δή Thucydides Historicus 8.84, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 219e, “R.” 467b; οἷα δή που Aelianus “De Natura Animalium - Ar.Byzantine Epit.” 1.14 : later a double form occurs, οἷον ὡς.. Demetrius Phalereus Rhetor “Demetrius on Style” 94, Scholia Dionysius Thrax Grammaticus p.113 H.; οἷον ὥσπερ.. Phrynichus Atticista “Praeparatio Sophistica” p.80 Bacchylides Lyricus, uncertain in Plutarchus Biographus et Philosophus 2.563f.
__V.2.b as for instance, Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 218e, Aristoteles Philosophus “de Generatione et Corruptione” 333a11, etc. ; οἷον τί λέγει; as for example, what do you mean ? Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 207a, compare Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 4.271, where οἷον is adjective
__V.2.c in numerical estimates, about, οἷον δέκα σταδίους Thucydides Historicus 4.90; μῆκος οἷον ἐπὶ δέκα δακτύλους “IG” 22.1457.17.
__V.2.d οἷον parenthetically prefixed to any word or phrase, as it were, so to speak, οἷον υἱεῖς γνησίους Plato Philosophus “Phaedrus” 278a, compare “Cra.” 396a, Aristoteles Philosophus “Historia Animalium” 532a6, “GA” 753a33; τῶν οἷον προγυμναζομένων Marcus Antoninus Imperator 6.20; τοῦ οἷον δόγματος 3rd c.AD(?): Diogenes Laertius 9.69 ; τὴν.. οἷον φάτταν the ring-dove of my parable, Plato Philosophus “Theaetetus” 199b.
__V.2.e οἷον explanatory, that is to say, τὸ νῦν ῥηθησόμενον, οἷον.. what I am about to mention, i.e. , Aristoteles Philosophus “de Partibus Animalium” 639b6, compare “GC” 333a11, al. ; κατὰ τὸ μέσον, οἷον κατὰ τὴν συμβολὴν τῶν ἐν αὐτοῖς διαγωνίων in the middle, i. e. at the intersection of their diagonals, Proclus Philosophus “Hypotyposis astronomicarum positionum” 3.16, compare 22, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus see at {οἰοφάγῳ}, al.
__V.3 like{ὡς, ἅτε}, with a participle, οἷα ἀπροσδοκήτου κακοῦ γενομένου Thucydides Historicus 2.5, compare 8.95, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 203b.
__V.4 οὐχ οἷον or μὴ οἷον, followed by ἀλλ᾽ οὐδέ or ἀλλὰ μηδέ, not only not.., but not even.., Polybius Historicus 1.20.12, Diodorus Siculus Historicus 3.18, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Rh.” 2.249 Sophocles Tragicus, etc.
__VI strengthened with various Particles, οἷος δή, see above 11.4: οἱοσδήποτε, οἱαδήποτε, οἱονδήποτε, of such and such a kind, Aristoteles Philosophus “Ethica Nicomachea” 1114b17 ; οἱοσδηποτοῦν, of whatever kind, 2nd-1st c.BC(?): Hero Mechanicus “*Geometry texts” 12.30, al., “BGU” 895.28 (2nd c.AD), Paulus Aegineta Medicus 6.88 ; οἱοσδήπως, “OGI” 521.4 (Abydos, 5th-6th c.AD) ; οἱοσδητισοῦν, prev. work515.16 (Mylasa, 3rd c.AD) ; οἱοσοῦν, Justinianus Imperator “Novellae” 30.7.1 ; οἱοσποτοῦν, Aristoteles Philosophus “Topica” 146b26 ; οἱοστισοῦν, see reading in Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 2.76.13. οῐ is found in Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 13.275, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 7.312; and sometimes in Trag., as Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 1256 , especially in the form οἷός τε Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1415, “OC” 262, 803, al.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks ὁ, ἡ, τό G3588 "de, het, dit, dat, deze"; Grieks οἴομαι G3633 "vermoeden, denken, menen"; Grieks ὅς G3739 "wie, welke, wat, dat, terwijl"; Grieks ὅσος G3745 "zo groot als, zover als, hoe veel, hoe groot"; Grieks ποῖος G4169 "van wat voor soort of aard";


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