Taal: Grieks


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anagkaíos̱, bn. van ἀνάγκη G00318; TDNT - 1:344,55;

1) noodzakelijk; 1a) wat iemand niet kan missen, onmisbaar; 1b) door banden van verwantschap of vriendschap verbonden; 1c) wat gedaan moet worden volgens de wet van de plicht, wat door de omstandigheden vereist is;


Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

** ἀναγκαῖος, -αῖα, -αῖον (< ἀνάγκη), [in LXX: Es 8:13, Wi 16:3, Sir prol. 22, II Mac 4:23 Mac 9:21, IV Mac 1:2*;] 1. necessary: Ac 13:46, I Co 12:22, II Co 9:5, Phl 2:25, Tit 3:14, He 8:3; comp. -αιότερον, Phl 1:24. 2. Of persons connected by bonds of nature or friendship, near, intimate (Field, Notes, 118; ΜΜ, VGT, s.v.): ἀ. φίλοι, Ac 10:24.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἀναγκ-αῖος, α, ον,
  in Attic dialect also ος, ον Thucydides Historicus 1.2, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 554a, etc. : of, with, or by force:
__I active, constraining, applying force, μῦθος ἀ. a word of force, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 17.399 ; χρειὼ ἀ. urgent necessity, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.57 ; ἦμαρ ἀ. day of constraint, i.e. life of slavery, 16.836 ; ἀ. τύχη a doom imposed by fate, or fateful chance, Sophocles Tragicus “Ajax” 485, compare 803 (but, fatal chance, prev. author “El.” 48); πᾶν γὰρ ἀ. χρῆμ᾽ ἀνιηρὸν ἔφυ Theognis Elegiacus 472, compare 297, Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 230 ; τῆς ἀρχῆς τῷ ἀ. παροξυνομένους by the compulsory nature of our rule, Thucydides Historicus 5.99; δεσμὸς ἀ. Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 24.33 ; ἐξ ἀναγκαίου under stress of circumstances, Thucydides Historicus 7.60.
__I.2 forcible, cogent, πειθώ Plato Philosophus “Sophista” 265d; ἀποδείξεις “Ti.” 40e; διαλλακτὰς πολὺ τῶν ἐμῶν λόγων ἀναγκαιοτέρους Thucydides Historicus 4.60 ; τὰ-ότερα τῶν ἀντιγράφων the more authoritative copies, Scholia Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 390.
__II passive, constrained, forced, twice in Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey”, πολεμισταὶ ἀ. soldiers perforce, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 24.499 ; so δμῶες ἀ. prev. work 210 (where however 1Eustathius Episcopus Thessalonicensis explanation it χρειώδεις trusty, serviceable, see below 6).
__II.2 necessary (physically or morally), οὐκ ἀ. unnecessary (on its different senses in philosophy see Aristoteles Philosophus “Metaphysica” 1015a20ff.), ἀ. ἐστί it is necessary to.., Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1317, etc. ; γίνεταί μοι ἀναγκαιότατον, with infinitive, Herodotus Historicus 3.65 ; ἀ. κακόν a necessary evil, Menander Comicus 651, cf. Hybreasap. 1st cStrabo Geographus 14.2.24 : also with infinitive, ἔνιαι τῶν ἀποκρίσεων ἀναγκαῖαι διὰ μακρῶν τοὺς λόγους ποιεῖσθαι Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 449b; ὁδὸν ἀναγκαιοτάτην εἶναι τρέπεσθαι “Sph.” 242b ; μαθήματα ἀναγκαῖα προμεμαθηκέναι necessary for us to have learnt them before, “Lg.” 643c.
__II.3 τὰ ἀ. necessaries of life, Antipho Orator 4.1.2, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 848a; τὰ ἀ. τοῦ βίου Isocrates Orator 4.40; ἀ. τροφή Thucydides Historicus 1.2.
__II.3.b τὰ ἀ. things necessary to be done, Xenophon Historicus “Memorabilia” 1.1.6 ; τὰ ἐκ θεοῦ ἀ. the appointed order of things, HG 1.7.33; θεῶν ἀναγκαῖον τόδε Euripides Tragicus “Hecuba” 584 codices: τὸ ἀ., ={ἀνάγκη}, Aristoteles Philosophus “Physica” 200a31.
__II.4 indispensable, i. e. a bare minimum, frequently in superlative, τὸ ἀναγκαιότατον ὕψος the least height that was absolutely necessary, Thucydides Historicus 1.90 ; ἡ ἀναγκαιοτάτη πόλις the least that could be called a city, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 369d; ἐκ τεττάρων ἀναγκαιοτάτων συγκεῖσθαι πόλιν Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1291a12 ; αὐτὰ τἀναγκαιότατ᾽ εἰπεῖν give a bare outline of the facts, Demosthenes Orator 18.126 compare 168 ; ἡ ἀ. συγγένεια the most distant degree of kinship recognized by law, 44.26: less frequently in Posit., οὐδὲ τἀναγκαῖα ἐξικέσθαι Thucydides Historicus 1.70 : hence, scanty, makeshift, παρασκευή 6.37.
__II.5 of persons, connected by necessary or natural ties, i. e. related by blood, Antipho Orator 1.4, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 574b; ἀ. δόμοις Euripides Tragicus “Alcestis” 533; οἱ ἀ. kinsfolk, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 2.4.1; ἀ. φίλοι Euripides Tragicus “Andromache” 671; συγγενεῖς καὶ ἀ. ἄνθρωποι Demosthenes Orator 19.290; τοὺς συγγενεῖς αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀ. φίλους NT.Act.10.24, compare “PFlor.” 2.142.2 (3rd c.AD).
__II.6 Astrology texts, efficacious, Vettius Valens Astrologus 63.1 (Comp.): ἀ. γραμμή line of fate, Cat.Codex Astr. 7.238.
__II.7 costly, ὄξος “POxy.” 1870 (5th c.AD) ; ἐσθής 1Suidas Legal icographus see at {βεστιάριον}.
__III adverb -ως of necessity, perforce, ἀ. ἔχει it must be so, Herodotus Historicus 1.89, Aeschylus Tragicus “Choephori” 239, Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 723, Plato Philosophus “Phaedo” 91e, etc.; ἀ. ἔχει μοι ποιέειν ταῦτα Herodotus Historicus 8.140.ά al. ; ἀ. φέρειν, opposed to ἀνδρείως, Thucydides Historicus 2.64 ; as best might be, Plato Philosophus “Timaeus” 69d.
__III.2 γελοίως καὶ ἀ. λέγειν in a narrow sense (compare 11.4, but probably with play on 111.1), prev. author “R.” 527a; πτωχῶς μέν, ἀλλ᾽ ἀ. Babrius Fabularum Scriptor 55.2 :—superlative ἀναγκαιότατα, λέγεις Plato Philosophus “Philebus” 40c.
__III.3 strictly, κελεύειν “OGI” 669.41 (1st c.AD).
__IV οἱ ἀ. τόποι privy parts, Vettius Valens Astrologus 113.9.
__V see {ἀναγκαῖον}, τό

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Grieks ἀνάγκη G318 "noodzaak";



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