G2470_ἴσος
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Taal: Grieks

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἴσος (epic ἶσος, so sometimes Rec.), -η, -ον, [in LXX for כְּ׳ heb, Jb 5:14 Jb 10:10, al.; אֶחָד H259, Ez 40:5 ff.; II Mac 9:15, IV Mac 13:20, 21, al.;] equal, the same in size, number, quality, etc.: δωρεά, Ac 11:17; μαρτυρίαι, Mk 14:56, 59; ἴ. ποιεῖν, c. acc. et dat., Mt 20:12; ἑαυτὸν τ. θεῷ, Jo 5:18; τὰ ἴ. ἀπολαβεῖν, Lk 6:34, n. pl., ἴσα, adverbially, Re 21:16; τ. θεῷ, Phl 2:6.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἴσος, η, ον,
  Epic dialect ἶσος and ἔϊσος (see. below); Cretan dialect, 4th c.AD(?): Arcadius Grammaticus ϝίσϝος “GDI” 4998ii2, 4982.2, “Schwyzer” 665, compare γισγόν· ἴσον, 5th c.AD(?): Hesychius Legal icographus ; later ἵσος “Schwyzer” 708a (1) (Ephesus, 4th c.BC), “Tab.Heracl.” 1.175, etc. :— equal in size, strength, or number, with dative, κύματα ἶσα ὄρεσσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 3.290, etc. ; frequently of appearance, like, ἶσος ἀναύδῳ 10.378; ἶσος Ἄρευι Sappho Lyrica 91 (uncertain) ; ἴσος θεοῖσιν Ead.2.1: frequently absolutely, ἴσην.. βίην καὶ κῦδος Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 7.205 ; ἶσον θυμὸν ἔχειν to be of like mind, 13.704, 17.720: neut. as adverb, ἶσον ἐμοὶ φρονέουσα 15.50; θεοῖσιν ἶσ᾽ ἔθελε φρονέειν 5.441, compare 21.315 , etc.; ἴσος τινὶ τὸ μέγαθος, ὕψος, Herodotus Historicus 2.32, 124 ; τὸ μῆκος, τὸ πλάτος, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 5.4.32; ἀριθμόν Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 662 ; ἴσα τὸν ἀ. Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 441c ; ποτὴν ἴσον equal in flight of song, Alexander Aetolus Elegiacus 5.5 ; ἴσον, τό, copy of a document, “PLond.” 3.1222.5 (2nd c.AD), etc.: with dat. pers. in place of an object of comparison, οὐ μὲν σοί ποτε ἶσον ἔχω γέρας (i.e. τῷ σῷ γέραϊ) Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 1.163 ; τοῖσδ᾽ ἴσας ναῦς (i.e. ταῖς τῶνδε) Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 262 (Lyric poetry); ἴσα τοῖς νῦν στρατηγοῖς ἀγάθ᾽ εἰργασμένους Demosthenes Orator 13.21: followed by a relative word, ἐμοὶ ἴσον.., ὅσονπερ ὑμῖν the same to me as to you, Aristophanes Comicus “Ecclesiazusae” 173; τὰ ἐκεῖ ἴσα, ὥσπερ τὰ ἐνθάδε Lysias Orator 19.36 codices (perhaps σᾶ) ; τὰ ἴσα ὅσαπερ.. Legal cited in Demosthenes Orator 23.44; ἴσον.. ὅπερ Plato Philosophus “Eryxias” 405b.
__2 repeated to denote equal relations, ἴσα πρὸς ἴσα tit for tat, Herodotus Historicus 1.2; ταχθέντες ἴσοι πρὸς ἴσους Sophocles Tragicus “Antigone” 142 (anap.); ἴσους ἴσοισι.. ἀντιθείς Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 750; ἴσα ἀντὶ ἴσων λαμβάνειν, ἐκδοῦναι Plato Philosophus “Leges” 774c ; ἴσος ἴσῳ (i.e. οἶνος ὕδατι) Cratinus Comicus 184, “Comica Adespota” 107, etc. ; κύλικος ἴσον ἴσῳ κεκραμένης (where ἴσον is adverbial) Aristophanes Comicus “Plutus” 1132; διδόναι γάλα καὶ οἶνον πίνειν ἴσον ἴσῳ Hippocrates Medicus “ἐπιδημίαι” 2.5.1: metaph., 'fairly blended', μηδὲν ἴσον ἴσῳ φέρων Aristophanes Comicus “Acharnenses” 354.
__3 of persons, equal in rights, βούλεται ἡ πόλις ἐξ ἴσων εἶναι καὶ ὁμοίων Aristoteles Philosophus “Politica” 1295b25; ἡ πολιτικὴ ἐλευθέρων καὶ ἴσων ἀρχή prev. work 1255b20; τὸ κατ᾽ ἀξίαν ἴ. prev. work 1307a26, al.
__II equally divided or distributed, ἴση μοῖρα Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 9.318 ; ἴση alone, one's equal share, μή τίς μοι ἀτεμβόμενος κίοι ἴσης Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 9.42 (ἴσσης conjecture Fick, compare ἴσσασθαι); τὴν ἴ. ἔχων Cratinus Comicus 250 ; οὐ μὴν ἴ. ἔτεισεν (i.e. τίσιν) Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 810 ; ἄχρι τῆς ἴ. up to the point of equality, Demosthenes Orator 5.17: neut., μὴ ἴσον νεῖμαι ἑκατέρῳ Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 337a; οὐ μόνον ἴσον, ἀλλὰ καὶ πλέον ἔχειν Isocrates Orator 17.57 ; οὐκ ἀνέξῃ δωμάτων ἔχων ἴσον καὶ τῷδε νεῖμα; Euripides Tragicus “Phoenissae” 547 ; τὰ ἴσα fair measure, τὰ ἴ. νέμειν Herodotus Historicus 6.11 ; μὴ ἴσων ἕκαστον τυγχάνειν ἀλλὰ πλεονεκτεῖν, Xenophon Historicus “Institutio Cyri (Cyropaedia)” 2.2.20 ; προστυχεῖν τῶν ἴ. to obtain fair terms, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 552 ; κἂν ἴσαι (i.e. ψῆφοι) γένωνται equally divided, Aristophanes Comicus “Ranae” 685.
__II.2 based on equality of rights, ἴ. καὶ ἔννομος πολιτεία Aeschines Orator 1.5; τὴν πολιτείαν ἰσαιτέραν καθιστάναι Thucydides Historicus 8.89 ; τὰ ἴ. equal rights, equality, frequently joined with τὰ ὅμοια or τὰ δίκαια, ὡς τῆς πολιτείας ἐσομένης ἐν τοῖς ἴ. καὶ ὁμοίοις Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.45; τῶν ἴ. καὶ τῶν δικαίων ἕκαστος ἡγεῖται ἑαυτῷ μετεῖναι ἐν τῇ δημοκρατίᾳ Demosthenes Orator 21.67; οὐ μέτεστι τῶν ἴ. οὐδὲ τῶν ὁμοίων πρὸς τοὺς πλουσίους τοῖς λοιποῖς prev. work112; τῶν ἴ. μετεῖχε τοῖς ἄλλοις prev. work96; also ἡ ἴ. καὶ ὁμοία (i.e. δίκη), τῆς ἴ. καὶ ὁμοίας μετέχειν Thucydides Historicus 4.105 ; ἐπ᾽ ἴ. τε καὶ ὁμοίῃ on fair and equal terms, Herodotus Historicus 9.7, ά,compare Thucydides Historicus 1.145 ; ἐπὶ τῇ ἴ. καὶ ὁμοίᾳ prev. work 27, compare “SIG” 312.27 (Samos, 4th c.BC), “OGI” 229.44 (Smyrna, 3rd c.BC) , etc.: generally, just, fair, ἐκ ποίας ἴ. καὶ δικαίας προφάς εω; Demosthenes Orator 18.284.
__II.3 of persons, fair, impartial, Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 684 (Lyric poetry), “OT” 677; ἴ. δικαστής Plato Philosophus “Leges” 957c; ἴ. καὶ κοινοὶ ἀκροαταί Demosthenes Orator 29.1, compare 18.7; ἴ. καὶ κοινὸν δικαστήριον prev. author 7.36; κοινοὺς μὲν.., ἴ. δὲ μή Plato Philosophus “Protagoras” 337a; ἴ. ἴσθι κρινων Menander Comicus “Μονόστιχοι - Fragmenta Comicorum Graecorum” 266, compare 257; κριταὶ ἴ. καὶ δίκαιοι Polybius Historicus 24.15.3, etc.
__II.4 adequate, ἡ ἴ. φρουρά Thucydides Historicus 7.27 (explained by Scholia as regular, τεταγμένη); ἴσος τοῖς παροῦσι prev. author 1.132.
__III of ground, even, flat, εἰς τὸ ἴ. καταβαίνειν, of an army, Xenophon Historicus “Anabasis” 4.6.18 (but ἐν ἴσῳ προσιέναι to advance with even step, prev. work 1.8.11) ; λέουσιν εἰς τὸ ἴ. καθιστάμενοι μάχεσθαι, opposed to μετὰ πλεονεξίας ἀγωνίζεσθαι, on even terms, prev. author “Cyr.” 1.6.28 ; ἴ. τοῖχος, opposed to κεκλικώς, perpendicular, Philoponus, Joannes Philosophus “in Aristotelis Analytica Posteriora commentaria - pars” 2.27.
__IV adverb ἴσως (see. entry): but also,
__IV.1 neuter singular and plural from Homerus Epicus downwards (see. entry near the start), ἶσον.. ἀπήχθετο κηρὶ μελαίνῃ even as Death, Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 3.454 ; ἶσον ἐμοὶ βασίυε be king like me, 9.616 ; ἶσον γάρ σε θεῷ τίσουσιν Ἀχαιοί prev. work 603; ἶσον ἐμῇ κεφαλῇ 18.82; τὸν.. ἶσα θεῷ.. εἰσορόωσιν Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 15.520; ἶσα φίλοισι τέκεσσι Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 5.71, compare 13.176, Odyssea Homerus Epicus “Odyssey” 1.432, 11.304, etc. : later absolutely, alike, δείλαιε τοῦ νοῦ τῆς τε συμφορᾶς ἴσον Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1347; τὴν Σάμον καὶ Ἡρακλέας στήλας ἴσον ἀπέχειν Herodotus Historicus 8.132: with dat., ἴσον ναοῖς θεῶν Euripides Tragicus “Helena” 801 ; ἴσον ἄπεσμεν τῷ πρίν equally as before, prev. author “Hipp.” 302 (variant{τῶν πρίν}); ἴσα τοῖς πάνυ Dio Cassius Historicus “fragment” 70.6 ; ἴσα καί.. like as, as if, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 1187 (Lyric poetry), Euripides Tragicus “Electra” 994 (anap.), Thucydides Historicus 3.14; ἴσον ὡς.. Euripides Tragicus “Ion” 1363 ; ὥσπερ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 532; ὥστε.. Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 882; ἅτε.. prev. author “HF” 667 (Lyric poetry); ὅσονπερ.. Demosthenes Orator 15.1.
__IV.2 with Preps.: ἀπὸ τῆς ἴσης equally, Thucydides Historicus 1.15; ὁ ἀπὸ τῆς ἴ. ἐχθρός prev. author 3.40; ἀπ᾽ ἴσης εἶναι Demosthenes Orator 14.6; ἀφ᾽ ἵσου “SIG” 426.14 (Teos, 3rd c.BC) ; δι᾽ ἴσου Dio Cassius Historicus 43.37 ; at equal distance, Plato Philosophus “Respublica” 617b : also in in Mathematics texts, ex aequali, of proportions, Euclides Geometra 5 “Def.” 17, al. ; δι᾽ ἴ. ἐν τεταραγμένῃ ἀναλογίᾳ ex aequali in disturbed proportion, Archimedes Geometra “περὶ σφαίρας καὶ κυλίνδρου” 2.4, al., 3rd c.AD(?): Pappus Mathematicus 932.11 ; ἐν ἴσῳ equally, Thucydides Historicus 2.53, 4.65 ; ἐν ἴσῳ ἐστί it matters not, Euripides Tragicus “Iphigenia Aulidensis” 1199; ἐν ἴσῳ ἐστὶ καὶ εἰ.. Thucydides Historicus 2.60; ἐν τῷ ἴσῳ εἶναι prev. author 4.10; ἐξ ἴσης Plato Philosophus “Leges” 861a: more frequently ἐξ ἴσου Herodotus Historicus 7.135, Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Tyrannus” 563, etc.; ἐξ ἴ. τινί prev. author “Ant.” 516, 644, Antipho Orator 5.1, Plato Philosophus “Gorgias” 517a ; evenly, εὐθεῖα γραμμή ἐστιν ἥτις ἐξ ἴ. τοῖς ἐφ᾽ ἑαυτῆς σημείοις κεῖται Euclides Geometra 1 “Def.” 4; ἐξ ἴ. καὶ.. Sophocles Tragicus “Oedipus Coloneus” 254; ὡς.. prev. author “OT” 61 ; οἱ ἐξ ἴ. persons of equal station, Plato Philosophus “Leges” 777d, compare 919d; ὁ ἐξ ἴ. κίνδυνος Polybius Historicus 9.4.4; ἐκ τοῦ ἴ. γίγνεσθαί τινι Thucydides Historicus 2.3; τοῖς ἐκ τοῦ ἴσου ἡμῖν οὖσι Xenophon Historicus “Hiero” 8.5; ἐξ ἴσου τισὶ τῆς πολιτείας μεταδιδόναι Lysias Orator 25.3 ; ἐκ τοῦ ἴ. μάχεσθαι to be evenly matched, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 2.4.16; ἐξ ἴ. πολεμεῖν Demosthenes Orator 8.47 ; κατὰ μῆνα τὸ αἱροῦν ἐξ ἴ. the sum due in equal monthly instalments, “PAmh.” 2.92.14, etc. ; ἐπὶ or ἐπ᾽ ἴσης, ἐπὶ ἴ. διαφέρειν τὸν πόλεμον Herodotus Historicus 1.74; τοῦτο ἐπ᾽ ἴσης ἔχει prev. author 7.50, compare Sophocles Tragicus “Electra” 1062 (Lyric poetry), etc.; ἐπ᾽ ἴσου Polybius Historicus 1.18.10; ἐπ᾽ ἴσον prev. author 6.38.4, cf. Docum. cited in Demosthenes Orator 18.106, Philodemus Gadarensis Epigrammaticus “Ir.” p.21 W.; ἐπὶ ἶσα μάχη τέτατο Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 12.436; compare κατὰ ἶσα μάχην ἐτάνυσσε 11.336; κατ᾽ ἴσον Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 1.68.6, Galenus Medicus “de Usu Partium” 1.19 ; μετ᾽ ἴσου equally, Demetrius Lacon Philosophus “Herc.” 124.12.
__V comparative ἰσαίτερος Euripides Tragicus “Supplices” 441, Thucydides Historicus 8.89, Xenophon Historicus “Historia Graeca (Hellenica)” 7.1.14: Sup. ἰσότατος Timo 68; ἰσαίτατος Philo Judaeus 1.462 . adverb ὡς ἰσαίτατα Plato Philosophus “Leges” 744c, but ὡς ἰσότατα “SIG” 531.30 (from Dyme) . ῑ in early Epic dialect (except Hesiodus Epicus “Opera et Dies” 752), compare Solon Lyricus 24.1: ῐ first in Theognis Elegiacus 678, Sappho Lyrica 2.1 (but ἶσος Ead.91 assuming variant), Bacchylides Lyricus 5.46 (but ἶσον 1.62, “fragment” 2.2), and always in Pindarus Lyricus (except in compound ῑσοδαίμων) and Trag. (Aeschylus Tragicus “Fragmenta - American Journal of Philology” 216 is uncertain reading) except in compd. ῑσό-θεος (which see) ; uncertain in ἰσ-όνειρος. Both quantities are found in later poetry, sometimes in same line, ἔχοισαν ἴσον κάτω, ἶσον ἄνωθεν Theocritus Poeta Bucolicus 8.19; πρέσβυν ἴσον κούροις, ἶσον ἁδόντα κόραις “APl.” 4.309.

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks εἴδω G1492 "zien, weten"; Grieks ἴσως G2481 "gelijke mate, misschien wel, waarschijnlijk";

Literatuur


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