G730_ἄῤῥην
mannelijk, man
Taal: Grieks

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árri̱n,

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Lexicon G. Abbott-Smith

Voor meer informatie: G. Abbott-Smith's A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament (New York: Scribner's, 1922)

ἄρσην (ἄρρην, T, in Ro 1:27; Rec. in Re 12:5, 13), -ενος, ὁ, ἡ, ἄρσεν, τό (old Attic for ἄρρην, v. supr.; both forms are found in π.; MM, s.v.), [in LXX chiefly for זָכָר H2145;] male: Mt 19:4, Mk 10:6, Lk 2:23, Ro 1:27, Ga 3:28, Re 12:5, 13.†

Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon

Voor meer informatie: Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon (1940)

ἄρσην, ὁ, ἡ, ἄρσεν, τό,
  genitive ἄρσενος, Epic dialect, Ionic dialect, and Trag.: Attic dialect ἄρρην “IG” 2.678 B 55, Plato Philosophus “Symposium” 191c, etc. : Aeolic dialect, Cretan dialect, Epid., and Herodotus Historicus ἔρσην, which see; ἀρσ- prevails in LXX and <:—male, μήτε τις οὖν θήλεια θεὸς.. μήτε τις ἄρσην Ilias Homerus Epicus “Illiad” 8.7; βοῦν.. ἄρσενα 7.315; ἄρσενες ἵπποι 23.377, etc.; ἄρσην σπορά Euripides Tragicus “Troades” 503; νηδύς prev. author “Ba.” 527 (Lyric poetry) (of the birth of Bacchus) ; γονή Hippocrates Medicus “Genit.” 7: ἄρσην, ὁ, or ἄρσεν, τό, the male, Aeschylus Tragicus “Agamemnon” 861, “Supp.” 393 (Lyric poetry), Plato Philosophus “Leges” 665c, “Smp.” 191c, etc.; Ἀπόλλωνι.. θῆλυ καὶ ἄρσεν.. προσέρδειν “IG” 12(8).358 (Thasos, 5th c.BC) ; οἱ ἄρσενες the male sex, Thucydides Historicus 2.45; τὸ ἄρσεν Aeschylus Tragicus “Eumenides” 737.
__2 masculine, prev. author “Supp.” 951; φρένες Euripides Tragicus “Orestes” 1204 : metaphorically, mighty, κτύπος ἄρσην πόντου Sophocles Tragicus “Philoctetes” 1455 (Lyric poetry); Ἀχέροντος ἄρσενας χοάς prev. author “fragment” 480.3; ἄρσην βοή Aristophanes Comicus “Thesmophoriazusae” 125 (Lyric poetry); ἄ. φθόγγοι 3rd c.AD(?): Aristides Quintilianus Musicus 2.12 ; of plants, robust, coarse, opposed to θῆλυς (tender, delicate), Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 3.9.3, compare 2.2.6, Dioscorides (Dioscurides) Medicus 3.1, al., Sophocles Tragicus “Trachiniae” 1196.
__3 of gender of nouns, masculine, ὀνόματα Aristophanes Comicus “Nubes” 682.
__4 of sex in plants, ἀπὸ τοῦ ἄρρενος τοῖς θήλεσι βοήθεια Theophrastus Philosophus “Historia Plantarum” 2.8.4 :—but also, coarse, tough, γογγυλίς prev. work 7.4.3, compare 3.9.3: Comp. form ἀρρέντερος (compare θηλύτερος), κὰ τὠρρέντερον γένος in the male line, “IG” 5(2).262.21(Mantinea, 5th c.BC).
__5 adverb ἀρρένως Diogenes Cynicus Philosophus cited in Stobaeus, Joannes 4.44.71. (Occurs without ϝ- on Cretan dialect Inscrr. which preserve ϝ- ; cf. Sanskrit ṛ snullabhás 'bull', Avest. aršan- 'man'.)

Synoniemen en afgeleide woorden

Grieks αἴρω G142 "opheffen, optillen"; Grieks ἀρέτη G703 "deugdzaamheid, deugdelijkheid"; Grieks ἀρήν G704 "schaap, lam"; Grieks ἄριστον G712 "ontbijt, middagmaal"; Grieks ἀρσενοκοίτης G733 "knapenschender, sodomiet, homosexueel";

Literatuur


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